ISSN: 1003-6326
CN: 43-1239/TG

Vol. 27    No. 7    July 2017

Behavior of ammonium adsorption by clay mineral halloysite
Qing-xiu JING1,2, Li-yuan CHAI1, Xiao-dong HUANG2, Chong-jian TANG1, Huan GUO2, Wei WANG2
(1. School of Metallurgy and Environment, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China;
2. School of Metallurgical and Chemical Engineering, Jiangxi University of Science and Technology, Ganzhou 341000, China
Abstract: Ammonium pollution becomes severe during mining of ionic rare earth-ores in southern China. As one of the main clay minerals in soils of ionic rare earth mines, halloysite plays an important role in ammonium adsorption. In this study, the saturated adsorption capacity, factors affecting adsorption and adsorption kinetics of halloysite for ammonium were investigated. The results indicated that the ammonium adsorption of halloysite was saturated with 1.66 mg/g at 303 K, pH of 5.6 and initial ammonium concentration of 600 mg/L (about half of the actual initial in-situ leaching concentration). When the initial concentration of -N, pH values and temperatures (288 K to 313 K) increased, the ammonium adsorption capacity of halloysite increased. The ammonium isothermal adsorption of halloysite matched the Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms. The adsorption process of ionic rare earth mining soils for ammonium was favorable. And the adsorption process followed closely the pseudo-second kinetic equation.
Key words: ionic rare earth mining area; halloysite; ammonium pollution; adsorption; dynamics
Superintended by The China Association for Science and Technology (CAST)
Sponsored by The Nonferrous Metals Society of China (NFSOC)
Managed by Central South University (CSU)