ISSN: 1003-6326
CN: 43-1239/TG

Vol. 27    No. 6    June 2017

Twinnability of Al-Mg alloys: A first-principles interpretation
Dong-dong ZHAO1, Ole Martin L?VVIK2, Knut MARTHINSEN1, Yan-jun LI1
(1. Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), 7491 Trondheim, Norway;
2. SINTEF Materials and Chemistry, 0314 Oslo, Norway
Abstract: Al-Mg alloys are considered to have potentials to form twins during deformation because Mg can reduce the intrinsic stacking fault energy gISFE of Al. Nevertheless, twinning has rarely been found in Al-Mg alloys even subjected to various severe plastic deformation (SPD) techniques. In order to probe the twinning propensity of Al-Mg alloys, first-principles calculations were carried out to investigate the effects of Mg and vacancies on the generalized planar fault energy (GPFE) of Al. It is found that both Mg and vacancies exhibit a Suzuki segregation feature to the stacking fault, and have the influence of decreasing the gISFE of Al. However, gISFE does not decrease and the twinnability parameter τa of Al does not increase monotonically with increasing Mg concentration in the alloy. On the basis of τa evaluated from the calculated GPFE of Al-Mg alloys, we conclude that deformation twinning is difficult for Al-Mg alloys even with a high content of Mg. Besides, the decrease of gISFE caused by the introduction of Mg and vacancies is supposed to have the effect of improving the work-hardening rate and facilitating the formation of band structures in Al-Mg alloys subjected to SPD.
Key words: generalized planar fault energy; intrinsic stacking fault energy; Suzuki segregation; Mg; vacancy; Al-Mg alloys
Superintended by The China Association for Science and Technology (CAST)
Sponsored by The Nonferrous Metals Society of China (NFSOC)
Managed by Central South University (CSU)