ISSN: 1003-6326
CN: 43-1239/TG

Vol. 27    No. 4    April 2017

Thermal stability evaluation of nanostructured Al6061 alloy produced by cryorolling
(Department of Materials Engineering, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan 84156-83111, Iran)
Abstract: Grain growth of nanostructured Al6061 produced by cryorolling and aging process was investigated during isothermal heat treatment in 100-500 °C temperature range. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) observations demonstrate that after cryorolling and aging at 130 °C for 30 h, the microstructure contains 61 nm grains with dispersed 50-150 nm precipitates and 0.248% lattice strain. In addition, an increase in tensile strength up to 362 MPa because of formation of fine strengthening precipitation and nano-sized grains was observed. Thermal stability investigation within 100-500 °C temperature range showed release of lattice strain, dissolution of precipitates and grain growth. According to the X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis, Mg2Si precipitates disappeared after annealing at temperatures higher than 300 °C. According to the results, due to the limited grain growth up to 200 °C, there would be little decrease in mechanical properties, but within 300-500 °C range, the grain growth, dissolution of strengthening precipitates and decrease in mechanical properties are remarkable. The activation energies for grain growth were calculated to be 203.3 kJ/mol for annealing at 100-200 °C and 166.34 kJ/mol for annealing at 300-500 °C. The effect of precipitation dissolution on Al lattice parameter, displacement of Al6061 (111) XRD peak and Portevin-LeChatelier (PLC) effect on stress-strain curves is also discussed.
Key words: mechanical characterization; X-ray diffraction; aluminium alloy; bulk deformation; grain growth; grain refinement
Superintended by The China Association for Science and Technology (CAST)
Sponsored by The Nonferrous Metals Society of China (NFSOC)
Managed by Central South University (CSU)