ISSN: 1003-6326
CN: 43-1239/TG

Vol. 27    No. 4    April 2017

Effect of 0.3% Sc on microstructure, phase composition and hardening of Al-Ca-Si eutectic alloys
Nikolay BELOV1, Evgenia NAUMOVA1, Torgom AKOPYAN1,2
(1. National University of Science and Technology, MISIS, 4, Leninskiy pr. 4, Moscow 119049, Russia;
2. Institute of Russian Academy of Sciences A. A., Baikov Institute of Metallurgy and Material Science RAS, Leninskiy pr. 49, Moscow 119991, Russia
Abstract: The phase composition, microstructure and hardening of aluminum-based experimental alloys containing 0.3% Sc, 0-14% Si and 0-10% Ca (mass fraction) were studied. The experimental study (electron microscopy, thermal analysis and hardness measurements) was combined with Thermo-Calc software simulation for the optimization of the alloy composition. It was determined that the maximum hardening corresponded to the annealing at 300-350 °С, which was due to the precipitation of Al3Sc nanoparticles with their further coarsening. The alloys falling into the phase region (Al)+Al4Ca+Al2Si2Ca have demonstrated a significant hardening effect. The ternary eutectic (Al)+Al4Ca+Al2Si2Ca had a much finer microstructure as compared to the Al-Si eutectic, which suggests a possibility of reaching higher mechanical properties as compared to commercial alloys of the A356 type. Unlike commercial alloys of the A356 type, the model alloy does not require quenching, as hardening particles are formed in the course of annealing of castings.
Key words: Al-Ca-Si-Sc system alloy; eutectic; Al3Sc nanoparticles; phase composition; microstructure; heat treatment; hardening
Superintended by The China Association for Science and Technology (CAST)
Sponsored by The Nonferrous Metals Society of China (NFSOC)
Managed by Central South University (CSU)