ISSN: 1003-6326
CN: 43-1239/TG
CODEN: TNMCEW

Vol. 27    No. 2    February 2017

Effect of nickel phosphide nanoparticles crystallization on hydrogen evolution reaction catalytic performance
Ya-qiong CHEN1,2, Jin-feng ZHANG1,2, Lei WAN1,2, Wen-bin HU1,2,3,4, Lei LIU1,2, Cheng ZHONG3,4, Yi-da DENG3,4
(1. School of Materials Science and Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China;
2. State Key Laboratory of Metal Matrix Composites, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China;
3. School of Materials Science and Engineering, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China;
4. Key Laboratory of Advanced Ceramics and Machining Technology (Ministry of Education), and Tianjin Key Laboratory of Composite and Functional Materials, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China
)
Abstract: In order to investigate the effect of nickel phosphide nanoparticles’ (Ni-P NPs) crystallization on hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) catalytic performance, amorphous Ni-P NPs and crystalline Ni12P5 were synthesized by a simple and low-cost autocatalytic reduction method and heat treatment process. The result of electrochemical tests shows that crystalline Ni12P5 has much higher HER catalytic activity than the amorphous one. X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy revealed that Ni-P bond formed during crystallization, making Ni positively charged and P negatively charged. This charged nature of Ni12P5 is similar to [NiFe] hydrogenase and its analogous, which make the removal of H2 less energy-cost.
Key words: hydrogen evolution reaction; nickel phosphide nanoparticles; Ni12P5; catalyst; crystallization
Superintended by The China Association for Science and Technology (CAST)
Sponsored by The Nonferrous Metals Society of China (NFSOC)
Managed by Central South University (CSU)