ISSN: 1003-6326
CN: 43-1239/TG

Vol. 27    No. 1    January 2017

Structure and properties of micro-arc calcium phosphate coatings on pure titanium and Ti-40Nb alloy
Yurii SHARKEEV1, Ekaterina KOMAROVA1, Maria SEDELNIKOVA1, Ze-ming SUN2, Qi-fang ZHU2, Jing ZHANG2, Tatiana TOLKACHEVA1, Pavel UVARKIN1
(1. Institute of Strength Physics and Materials Science of Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences,2/4 Academicheskii pr., Tomsk 634055, Russia;
2. Beijing General Research Institute for Non-ferrous Metals, Beijing 100088, China
Abstract: The microstructure, physical and mechanical, and chemical properties of micro-arc calcium phosphate (CaP) coatings deposited under different process voltages in the range of 150-400 V on the commercially pure titanium (Ti) and Ti-40%Nb (Ti-40Nb) (mass fraction) alloy were investigated by the SEM, TEM, XRD and EDX methods. The coating thickness, roughness, and sizes of structural elements were measured and showed similar linear character depending on the process voltage for the coatings on both substrates. SEM results showed the porous morphology with spherical shape structural elements and rough surface relief of the coatings. XRD and TEM studies exhibited the amorphous structure of the CaP coating. With increasing the process voltage to 300-400 V, the crystalline phases, such as CaHPO4 and β-Ca2P2O7, were formed onto the coatings. The annealing leads to the formation of complex poly-phase structure with crystalline phases: CaTi4(PO4)6, β-Ca2P2O7, TiP2O7, TiNb(РО4)3, TiO2, NbO2, and Nb2O5. The applied voltage and process duration in the ranges of 200-250 V and 5-10 min, respectively, revealed the coating formed on Ti and Ti-40Nb with optimal properties: thickness of 40-70 mm, porosity of 20%-25%, roughness (Ra) of 2.5-5.0 mm, adhesion strength of 15-30 MPa, and Cа/Р mole ratio of 0.5-0.7.
Key words: calcium phosphate coating; micro-arc oxidation; Ti-40%Nb alloy; commercially pure titanium; microstructure
Superintended by The China Association for Science and Technology (CAST)
Sponsored by The Nonferrous Metals Society of China (NFSOC)
Managed by Central South University (CSU)