ISSN: 1003-6326
CN: 43-1239/TG

Vol. 26    No. 8    August 2016

Influence of flash trap profiles on joint properties of friction welded CP-Ti tube to 304L stainless steel tube plate using external tool
(1. Department of Mechanical Engineering, CMR Institute of Technology, Bangalore 560037, India;
2. Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, National Institute of Technology,
Tiruchirappalli 620015, India;
3. Advanced Welding Processes and Modeling Section, Materials Technology Division,
Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam 603102, India
Abstract: Titanium tube and stainless steel tube plate were welded by an innovative friction welding of tube to tube plate using an external tool (FWTPET). Copper was used as an interlayer for joining the dissimilar materials and also to minimize the effect of intermetallics formed at the joint interface. The process parameters that govern FWTPET process are plunge rate, rotational speed, plunge depth, axial load and flash trap profile. Among them, the flash trap profile of the tube has a significant influence on the joint integrity. Various flash trap profiles like vertical slots, holes, zig-zag holes, and petals were made on the titanium tube welded to the stainless steel tube plate. Macroscopic and microscopic studies reveal defect-free joints. The presence of copper interlayer and intermetallics was evident from X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) studies. The microhardness survey was presented across and along the interface. A novel test procedure called “plunge shear test” was developed to evaluate the joint properties of the welded joints. The highest shear fracture load of 31.58 kN was observed on the sample having petals as flash trap profile. The sheared surfaces were further characterized using SEM for fractography.
Key words: 304L stainless steel tube plate; CP-Ti tube; friction welding; joint properties; flash trap; external tool
Superintended by The China Association for Science and Technology (CAST)
Sponsored by The Nonferrous Metals Society of China (NFSOC)
Managed by Central South University (CSU)