ISSN: 1003-6326
CN: 43-1239/TG

Vol. 26    No. 5    May 2016

Hydrogenation reaction of metallic titanium prepared by molten salt electrolysis
Qi-gang WENG1, Rui-di LI1, Tie-chui YUAN1, Yu-sheng SHI2, Zi-li QIU1, Ming-xiang JIANG1, Yue-hui HE1
(1. State Key Laboratory of Powder Metallurgy, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China;
2. State Key Laboratory of Materials Processing and Die & Mould Technology,
Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, China
Abstract: The hydrogenation reaction of electrolyzed titanium, as the first step during hydrogenation-dehydrogenation for the preparation of titanium powder, was studied. The titanium hydride was prepared through the reaction between electrolyzed titanium and hydrogen at different hydrogenation temperatures and different time. The evolutions of hydrogen and oxygen contents, density, hardness and phase composition before and after hydrogenation were characterized under different hydrogenation conditions. The results show that the main phases of titanium hydride were TiH1.924, TiH1.971 and TiH2. Increasing the hydrogenation temperature could not enhance the hydrogen content but increase the oxygen content. The effect of the hydrogenation time on the hydrogen content was not obvious. The optimal parameters of the hydrogenation process were obtained: heating at 400 °C and holding for 2 h, by which the hydrogen content of 3.63% and oxygen content of 0.18% (mass fraction) can be obtained. In addition, the microstructure, orientations and tissues of electrolyzed titanium and titanium hydride were detected.
Key words: titanium powder; hydrogenation reaction; molten salt electrolysis; hydrogen content
Superintended by The China Association for Science and Technology (CAST)
Sponsored by The Nonferrous Metals Society of China (NFSOC)
Managed by Central South University (CSU)