ISSN: 1003-6326
CN: 43-1239/TG

Vol. 25    No. 12    December 2015

Photocatalytic degradation of textile dyeing wastewater through microwave synthesized Zr-AC, Ni-AC and Zn-AC
(1. Catalysis and Nanomaterials Research Laboratory, Department of Chemistry,
Loyola College, Chennai 600034, India;
2. Materials Division, School of Advanced Sciences, Vellore Institute of Technology University,
Chennai Campus, Chennai 600048, India
Abstract: The novel zirconium oxide, nickel oxide and zinc oxide nanoparticles supported activated carbons (Zr-AC, Ni-AC, Zn-AC) were successfully fabricated through microwave irradiation method. The synthesized nanoparticles were characterized using XRD, HR-SEM, XPS and BET. The optical properties of Zr-AC, Ni-AC and Zn-AC composites were investigated using UV–Vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy. The photocatalytic efficiency was verified in the degradation of textile dyeing wastewater (TDW) in UV light irradiation. The chemical oxygen demand (COD) of TDW was observed at regular intervals to calculate the removal rate of COD. Zn-AC composites showed impressive photocatalytic enrichment, which can be ascribed to the enhanced absorbance in the UV light region, the effective adsorptive capacity to dye molecules, the assisted charge transfer and the inhibited recombination of electron-hole pairs. The maximum TDW degradation (82% COD removal) was achieved with Zn-AC. A possible synergy mechanism on the surface of Zn-AC was also designed. Zn-AC could be reused five times without exceptional loss of its activity.
Key words: nanostructure; semiconductor; textile dyeing wastewater; optical property; catalytic degradation
Superintended by The China Association for Science and Technology (CAST)
Sponsored by The Nonferrous Metals Society of China (NFSOC)
Managed by Central South University (CSU)