ISSN: 1003-6326
CN: 43-1239/TG

Vol. 25    No. 9    September 2015

Contribution of components from volume defect in natural pyrite andquartz to solution chemistry of flotation pulp
Yong-junXIAN1, QiNIE2, Shu-mingWEN1, Yi-jieWANG1
(1. State Key Laboratory of Complex Nonferrous Metal Resources Clean Utilization,
Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming 650093, China;
2. Faculty of Mining Engineering, Kunming Metallurgy College, Kunming 650033, China
Abstract: The volume defects in pure pyrite and quartz from a classicalCu-Pb-Zn-Fe sulfide deposit were investigated. The results indicate that a large number of volume defects exist in natural pyrite and quartz. The volume defects assume a variety of shapes, including long strips, oval shapes and irregular shapes, with sizes ranging from a few microns to dozens of microns. These volume defects are rich in metallogenic elements as a result of the capture of metallogenic and mineralizing fluid during the defect-forming process. The volume defects are fractured during the grinding process, and their chemical components are released into the solution, as confirmed by the abundant presence of various metal and non-metal components in the cleaning water and EDS results. Under the experimental conditions of 10g pyrite or quartz with grinding fineness of d90=37 μm, which was cleaned in 40 mL of pure deionised water under an inert atmosphere, the total average concentrations of Cu, Pb, Zn, Fe, Ca, Mg and Cl- in the aqueous solution are32.09×10-7, 16.51×10-7, 19.45×10-7, 516.52×10-7, 129.50×10-7, 35.30×10-7and 433.80×10-7mol/L, respectively, for pyrite and 19.20×10-7, 8.88×10-7, 8.31×10-7, 82.71×10-7, 16.21×10-7, 4.28×10-7and 731.26×10-7mol/L, respectively, for quartz. These values are significantly greater than those from the experimental non-oxidative dissolution of the pyrite or quartz, respectively. Therefore, the metallogenic fluid in volume defects of mineral crystal is concluded to represent the dominant contribution to the solution chemistry of sulfide flotation pulp. The present investigation will help to deeply understand the flotation theory of sulfide minerals.
Key words: pyrite; quartz; volume defect; metallogenic fluid; component release
Superintended by The China Association for Science and Technology (CAST)
Sponsored by The Nonferrous Metals Society of China (NFSOC)
Managed by Central South University (CSU)