ISSN: 1003-6326
CN: 43-1239/TG

Vol. 25    No. 9    September 2015

Influence of welding parameters on material flow, mechanical property and intermetallic characterization of friction stir welded AA6063 toHCP copper dissimilar butt joint without offset
(Welding Technology Centre, Metallurgical and Material Engineering Department,
Jadavpur University, Kolkata 700032, India
Abstract: Joining of dissimilar aluminium-copper is an emerging area of interest for both research and industry due to its complex nature. Friction stir welding was attempted to evaluate the joint strength without offset at the butt line between AA6063 to HCP copper sheet under different combination of rotational speed of 800 and 1000 r/min and travel speed of 20 and 40 mm/min. Material flow was studied in detail for different combinations of parameters with optical microscopy and elemental mapping by energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS). The results were correlated with the microstructural characteristics and formation of intermetallics at the bond interface using microhardness test and X-ray diffraction (XRD) technique. Material flow clearly suggests that energy input at 800 r/min and 20 mm/minis sufficient to plasticize both the materials with formation of higher amount of thermodynamically stable and hard intermetallic phases Al4Cu9 and AlCu4(slower cooling rate of 88 K/s) than that at 800 r/min and 40 mm/min(faster cooling rate of 154 K/s), attributed maximum joint strength (~78.6% of aluminium base metal).
Key words: friction stir welding (FSW); AA6063 alloy; HCP copper; material flow
Superintended by The China Association for Science and Technology (CAST)
Sponsored by The Nonferrous Metals Society of China (NFSOC)
Managed by Central South University (CSU)